World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with jobs
13. May 2019
The long-term goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels. The Agreement aims to help countries meet this target and strengthen societies’ capacities to address the wide-ranging impacts of climate change. The employment estimates in this report suggest that the net effect on job numbers will be positive. The transition to a green economy will inevitably cause job losses in certain sectors as carbon- and resource-intensive industries are scaled down, but they will be more than offset by new job opportunities. Measures taken in the production and use of energy, for example, will lead to job losses of around 6 million as well as the creation of some 24 million jobs. The net increase of approximately 18 million jobs across the world will be the result of the adoption of sustainable practices, including changes in the energy mix, the projected growth in the use of electric vehicles, and increases in energy efficiency in existing and future buildings. In order to ensure a just transition, efforts to promote the green economy must be accompanied by policies that facilitate the reallocation of workers, advance decent work, offer local solutions and support displaced workers.
International Labor Organization | World Employment and Social Outlook 2018: Greening with jobs