Eco-Industrial Parks: Achievements and Key Insights from the Global RECP Programme

United Nations Industrial Development Organization  
Policy Initiative: Sustainable Infrastructure
9. August 2019

Industrial parks have long been recognized as an efficient means of unifying industrial activities with business, infrastructure and service objectives. The term “industrial parks” in this publication is used to denote a range of co-located industrial activities. Similar terms such as industrial zones, industrial investment regions, special economic zones and industrial corridors, differ only marginally in their application to industrial parks. Regardless of the label applied, they share many commonalities, in that they are planned and developed with the objective of fostering economic growth and of improving a location’s competitiveness through potential collaborative and efficiency gains. Industrial parks and its associated terms also share a common attribute in that they all typically fail to account for and address the environmental and social externalities stemming from their activities. Hence, in the context of mounting pressure to address climate change and foster international development, it is becoming increasingly clear that industrial parks need to move beyond their traditional resource intensive business models to integrate environmental and social dimensions to remain a frontrunner in the economic activities in their respective countries.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization | Eco-Industrial Parks: Achievements and Key Insights from the Global RECP Programme

EPF | Economic Policy Forum

EPF | Economic Policy Forum