Beyond the Gap : How Countries Can Afford the Infrastructure They Need while Protecting the Planet

Green Growth Knowledge Platform  
Policy Initiative: Sustainable Infrastructure
12. April 2019

This report aims to shift the debate regarding investment needs away from a simple focus on spending more and toward a focus on spending better on the right objectives, using relevant metrics. It does so by offering a careful and systematic approach to estimating the funding needs to close the service gaps in water and sanitation, transportation, electricity, irrigation, and flood protection.

Exploring thousands of scenarios, this report finds that funding needs depend on the service goals and policy choices of low- and middle-income countries and could range anywhere from 2 percent to 8 percent of GDP per year by 2030. It also identifies a policy mix that will enable countries to achieve key international goals—universal access to water, sanitation, and electricity; greater mobility; improved food security; better protection from floods; and eventual full decarbonization—while limiting spending on new infrastructure to 4.5 percent of GDP per year.

Green Growth Knowledge Platform | Beyond the Gap : How Countries Can Afford the Infrastructure They Need while Protecting the Planet

EPF | Economic Policy Forum

EPF | Economic Policy Forum